Academic procrastination is one of the significant issues among students in universities. The study aimed to understand the Eidetic Parents Test (EPT) implementation and its effectiveness on Academic Procrastination among university students. Ten participants were selected and the Tuckman Procrastination Scale (Tuckman, 1991) was administered. The Eidetic Parents Test was conducted, and post-intervention scores for Academic Procrastination were taken on the Tuckman Procrastination Scale (Tuckman, 1991). Data was analyzed using a paired-sample t-test. The study's results revealed a significant difference between the levels of Academic Procrastination after (M=59.60, SD=2.70) and before the intervention (M=38.00, SD=4.24). Nonparametric analysis through Wilcoxon signed-rank test depicted a non-significant difference among males and females on the Academic Procrastination Scale. The Eidetic Parents Test (EPT) is an effective intervention in reducing the levels of Academic Procrastination among university students. Therefore, it has been suggested that EPT can be used as an intervention for Academic Procrastination.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Afzal, S., & Jami, H. (2018). Prevalence of academic procrastination and reasons for academic procrastination in university students. Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 28(1).
- Ahsen, A. (1972). Eidetic Parents Test; Imagery Techniques for Analysis and Treatments of Developmental Themes and Symptoms. Fellow of the American Psychological Association.
- Brewin, C. R., Gregory, J. D., Lipton, M., & Burgess, N. (2010). Intrusive images in psychological disorders: characteristics, neural mechanisms, and treatment implications. Psychological review, 117(1), 210. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018113
- Hen, M., & Goroshit, M. (2020). The effects of decisional and academic procrastination on students’ feelings toward academic procrastination. Current Psychology, 39(2), 556-563. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-017-9777-3
- Howell, A. J., & Watson, D. C. (2007). Procrastination: Associations with achievement goal orientation and learning strategies. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(1), 167-178. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.11.017
- Hussain, I., & Sultan, S. (2010). Analysis of procrastination among university students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 1897-1904. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.385
- Kamran Ehsan, M., & Rowland, D. L. (2021). Possible Role for Imagery-Based Therapy in Managing PTSD in Pakistani Women Experiencing Domestic Abuse: A Pilot Study Using Eidetic Therapy. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(5), 2478. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052478
- Khan, M. J., Arif, H., Noor, S. S., & Muneer, S. (2014). Academic Procrastination among Male and Female University and College Students. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 8(2).
- McCloskey, J. (2012). Finally, my thesis on academic procrastination.
- Özer, B.U., Saçkes, M. and Tuckman, B.W. (2013). Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample. Psychological reports, 113(3), pp.874-884. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2466/03.20.PR0.113x28z7
- Panagiotou, N., & Sheikh, A. A. (1974). Eidetic psychotherapy: introduction and evaluation. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 20(3-4), 231-241. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/002076407402000308
- Rozental, A., Forsell, E., Svensson, A., Andersson, G., & Carlbring, P. (2015). Internet-based cognitive—behavior therapy for procrastination: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 83(4), 808. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000023
- Rozental, A., Forsström, D., Lindner, P., Nilsson, S., Mårtensson, L., Rizzo, A., ... & Carlbring, P. (2018). Treating procrastination using cognitive behavior therapy: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial comparing treatment delivered via the internet or in groups. Behavior Therapy, 49(2), 180-197. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.08.002
- Schraw, G., Wadkins, T., & Olafson, L. (2007). Doing the things we do: a grounded theory of academic procrastination. Journal of Educational psychology, 99(1), 12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0622.214.171.124
- Schwarz, S., Grasmann, D., Schreiber, F., & Stangier, U. (2020). Mental Imagery and its Relevance for Psychopathology and Psychological Treatment in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Review. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 1-25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41811-020-00092-5
- Steel, P., & Klingsieck, K. B. (2016). Academic procrastination: Psychological antecedents revisited. Australian Psychologist, 51(1), 36-46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ap.12173
- Swafford, K. (2009). Use of Eidetic Imagery in Exercise Motivation. The USA Body Psychotherapy Journal Editorial, 8(2), 47-68.
- Tuckman, B. W. (2002). Academic Procrastinators: their rationalization and Web-Course performance.
- Zhang, Y., Dong, S., Fang, W., Chai, X., Mei, J., & Fan, X. (2018). Self-efficacy for self-regulation and fear of failure as mediators between self-esteem and academic procrastination among undergraduates in health professions. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 23(4), 817-830. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-018-9832-3